The Caribbean describes an island group of 28 countries which attracts travellers to it which has a selection of idyllic tropical escapes situated in the Caribbean Sea. Every one of these island nations offers something unique with it to offer largely based on their natural beauty of both the land and marine environments which surround the coastlines. The Caribbean is considered one of the world’s most biologically diversified sea locations, being the place to find iconic wildlife and it has a lot of prone coastline communities that are suffering with just what environmentalists consider an alarming decline. The Islands also offers a refreshing culture and history, having a number of important sites dating back to neglected previous societies. In addition to that cultural variety, the Caribbean has an contemporary culinary scene. There are flavours from all the world’s areas in the region’s delicacies.
The primary languages spoken in the Caribbean are Spanish, French, English, Dutch, Haitian Creole, and Papiamento. Each Caribbean country incorporates a handful of unique creole spoken languages or dialects. The area has a primarily tropical geography with the climates getting shaped by ocean temperatures and rainfall, with the typhoon season often bringing about disasters. By far the most serious was the Great Hurricane in 1780 in which it was thought that 20 000 to 30000 people were killed. Hurricanes continue to occur with a regularity. Because of this tropical environment and the low lying island geography, the Caribbean islands are generally at risk of quite a few climate change effects for example the greater hurricane strength, saltwater incursion, growing sea levels as well as deterioration of the coastline. These kinds of weather conditions variations will have substantial impacts and significantly affect the economies of the islands, in particular the key economies of farming and tourism.
The native individuals have occupied the islands since at least 3600 BC. Shortly after the adventurer, Christopher Columbus stumbled on the Caribbean back in 1492 subsequent adventurers coming from both Portugal and Spain commenced proclaiming areas in Central and South America and settling them. With this particular European colonization the native population was rapidly decimated as a result of imposed brutal work practices, enslavement, and illnesses on a lot of of the islands. Those native populations were soon replaced by enslaved Africans. These types of initial settlements exported gold to Britain, the Netherlands, as well as France that each had was going to establish lucrative cities in the Caribbean. Most of these colonial rivalries made the Caribbean a source for European wars for centuries. The region was war-torn through a lot of its colonial historical past, though the wars were more frequently located in Europe, with only modest conflicts in fact conducted in the Caribbean. The Caribbean was renowned for pirates, in particular in between 1640 and 1680 with the phrase “buccaneer” often getting used to describe a pirate operating in this area. Starting with the independence of Haiti from France in early 19th century as well as the following decrease of slavery in the 19th century almost all of the island countries in the Caribbean gradually obtained independence in the 50s and 60's. As the location is within close proximity to the USA, there is also a lengthy track record of their interference politically, militarily and in the economy.