Glasgow is the most populated city in Scotland and also the third most populous city in Great Britain that has a population of approximately 600 000. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country’s West Central Lowlands. From a travel and leisure outlook, it's the 5th most visited city in Britain. The local people are frequently sometimes referred to as “Glaswegians”. The name of the city comes from Glasgow’s Gaelic name, Glaschu, that means “Green Glen.” They also have a unique dialect of the Scottish language, the Glasgow patter, which is commonly difficult to comprehend by individuals from outside the city. Glasgow began as a small rural settlement about the banks of the River Clyde and progressed into the 10th largest sized port in Great Britain. The River Clyde had been a logical position for the settlement due to its access to fishing resources. Glasgow grew to being a key hub for the Scottish Enlightenment in the eighteenth century. During the Industrial Revolution, the populace and overall economy of Glasgow increased quickly to turn into one of the world’s primary centres of chemicals, textiles and also engineering, particularly for the shipbuilding and maritime engineering sector. Glasgow’s subterranean train system, that is referred to as the ‘Clockwork Orange’ simply because of its colour, is the 3rd oldest underground rail system on the globe. After the River Clyde, the second major river is the Kelvin whose name was applied in generating the identify of Baron Kelvin. The Kelvin ended up as the SI unit of temperature.
The city is known for a diversified architectural landscape. These through the city centre with it lavish Victorian architecture, to the many glass and metal edifices within the financial district to the serpentine balconies of blonde and red sandstone in the west end and also the substantial mansions that make up Pollokshields, about the south side. Over the banks of the River Clyde there are various of cutting-edge looking structures which include the landmark Riverside Museum and the Glasgow Science Centre. Glasgow has many facilities for a number of cultural events, from the sports activity of curling to opera and ballet and also from football to fine art admiration. There are several museums that include several dedicated to transport, religious beliefs, and modern art. In 1990 Glasgow was designated as being the European City of Culture. The city is likewise a significant centre of higher education and academic research, having a dozen important colleges and universities within 10 miles of the city centre.
It is likewise famous for having the first international soccer game in 1872 where Scotland and England drew 0-0. They also hold the European record for the most number of people attending at a football game. In 1937, 149 547 attended when Scotland beat England 3-1 in Hampden. The city is also the home of two of the world’s most famous club teams, Celtic and Rangers, referred to as the “Old Firm.” Their particular intense rivalry started in 1888. Glasgow includes a professional rugby union club, the Glasgow Warriors, that plays in the European Rugby Champions Cup. Recently Glasgow was recognised for having the 2014 Commonwealth Games and also the 1st European Championships in 2018.